Use your serving cup to measure out how much water you will need and add the water to the ibrik. If you are using the small Turkish coffee cups, add 1/2 cup extra water for each cup to account for evaporation. If you don't have a traditional coffee cup, any small and narrow cup will work best to retain the foam.
To the ibrik, add the desired amount of coffee (1 heaped tbsp for traditional style), sugar, and cardamom (if using) to the water and stir well.
Place the ibrik on a small gas stove over medium heat. After about 4-6 minutes (depending on how much liquid you are using) before the coffee begins to simmer, you will notice a foam rising to the top. Use a teaspoon to scoop up and transfer some of the foam into each Turkish Coffee cup. Continue to do this until the coffee doesn't have much foam left on top.
After the coffee starts to boil, remove from heat and pour slowly into your coffee cups. Try to pour so that the foam in the coffee cup remains undisturbed. Do not stir once you have poured the coffee.